# Roles & Permissions

# Setting things up

Let's start by creating the following Roles:

$owner = Role::create([
    'name' => 'owner',
    'display_name' => 'Project Owner', // optional
    'description' => 'User is the owner of a given project', // optional
]);

$admin = Role::create([
    'name' => 'admin',
    'display_name' => 'User Administrator', // optional
    'description' => 'User is allowed to manage and edit other users', // optional
]);

Now we need to add Permissions:

$createPost = Permission::create([
'name' => 'create-post',
'display_name' => 'Create Posts', // optional
'description' => 'create new blog posts', // optional
]);

$editUser = Permission::create([
'name' => 'edit-user',
'display_name' => 'Edit Users', // optional
'description' => 'edit existing users', // optional
]);

# Role Permissions Assignment & Removal

# Assignment

$admin->attachPermission($createPost); // parameter can be a Permission object, array or id
// equivalent to $admin->permissions()->attach([$createPost->id]);

$owner->attachPermissions([$createPost, $editUser]); // parameter can be a Permission object, array or id
// equivalent to $owner->permissions()->attach([$createPost->id, $editUser->id]);

$owner->syncPermissions([$createPost, $editUser]); // parameter can be a Permission object, array or id
// equivalent to $owner->permissions()->sync([$createPost->id, $editUser->id]);

# Removal

$admin->detachPermission($createPost); // parameter can be a Permission object, array or id
// equivalent to $admin->permissions()->detach([$createPost->id]);

$owner->detachPermissions([$createPost, $editUser]); // parameter can be a Permission object, array or id
// equivalent to $owner->permissions()->detach([$createPost->id, $editUser->id]);

# User Roles Assignment & Removal

With both roles created let's assign them to the users.

# Assignment

$user->attachRole($admin); // parameter can be a Role object, array, id or the role string name
// equivalent to $user->roles()->attach([$admin->id]);

$user->attachRoles([$admin, $owner]); // parameter can be a Role object, array, id or the role string name
// equivalent to $user->roles()->attach([$admin->id, $owner->id]);

$user->syncRoles([$admin->id, $owner->id]);
// equivalent to $user->roles()->sync([$admin->id, $owner->id]);

$user->syncRolesWithoutDetaching([$admin->id, $owner->id]);
// equivalent to $user->roles()->syncWithoutDetaching([$admin->id, $owner->id]);

# Removal

$user->detachRole($admin); // parameter can be a Role object, array, id or the role string name
// equivalent to $user->roles()->detach([$admin->id]);

$user->detachRoles([$admin, $owner]); // parameter can be a Role object, array, id or the role string name
// equivalent to $user->roles()->detach([$admin->id, $owner->id]);

# User Permissions Assignment & Removal

You can attach single permissions to a user, so in order to do it you only have to make:

# Assignment

$user->attachPermission($editUser); // parameter can be a Permission object, array, id or the permission string name
// equivalent to $user->permissions()->attach([$editUser->id]);

$user->attachPermissions([$editUser, $createPost]); // parameter can be a Permission object, array, id or the permission string name
// equivalent to $user->permissions()->attach([$editUser->id, $createPost->id]);

$user->syncPermissions([$editUser->id, $createPost->id]);
// equivalent to $user->permissions()->sync([$editUser->id, createPost->id]);

$user->syncPermissionsWithoutDetaching([$editUser, $createPost]); // parameter can be a Permission object, array or id
    // equivalent to $user->permissions()->syncWithoutDetaching([$createPost->id, $editUser->id]);

# Removal

$user->detachPermission($createPost); // parameter can be a Permission object, array, id or the permission string name
// equivalent to $user->permissions()->detach([$createPost->id]);

$user->detachPermissions([$createPost, $editUser]); // parameter can be a Permission object, array, id or the permission string name
// equivalent to $user->permissions()->detach([$createPost->id, $editUser->id]);

# Checking for Roles & Permissions

Now we can check for roles and permissions simply by doing:

$user->hasRole('owner');   // false
$user->hasRole('admin');   // true
$user->isAbleTo('edit-user');   // false
$user->isAbleTo('create-post'); // true

NOTE

  • If you want, you can use the hasPermission or isAbleTo.
  • If you want, you can use the isA and isAn methods instead of the hasRole method.

NOTE

We dropped the usage of the can method in order to have full support to Laravel's Gates and Policies.

Both isAbleTo() and hasRole() can receive an array or pipe separated string of roles & permissions to check:

$user->hasRole(['owner', 'admin']);       // true
$user->isAbleTo(['edit-user', 'create-post']); // true

$user->hasRole('owner|admin');       // true
$user->isAbleTo('edit-user|create-post'); // true

By default, if any of the roles or permissions are present for a user then the method will return true. Passing true as a second parameter instructs the method to require all of the items:

$user->hasRole(['owner', 'admin']);             // true
$user->hasRole(['owner', 'admin'], true);       // false, user does not have admin role
$user->isAbleTo(['edit-user', 'create-post']);       // true
$user->isAbleTo(['edit-user', 'create-post'], true); // false, user does not have edit-user permission

You can have as many Roles as you want for each User and vice versa. Also, you can have as many direct Permissionss as you want for each User and vice versa.

The Laratrust class has shortcuts to both isAbleTo() and hasRole() for the currently logged in user:

Laratrust::hasRole('role-name');
Laratrust::isAbleTo('permission-name');

// is identical to

Auth::user()->hasRole('role-name');
Auth::user()->hasPermission('permission-name');

You can also use wildcard to check any matching permission by doing:

// match any admin permission
$user->isAbleTo('admin.*'); // true

// match any permission about users
$user->isAbleTo('*-users'); // true

# Magic is able to method

You can check if a user has some permissions by using the magic isAbleTo method:

$user->isAbleToCreateUsers();
// Same as $user->isAbleTo('create-users');

If you want to change the case used when checking for the permission, you can change the magic_can_method_case value in your config/laratrust.php file.

// config/laratrust.php
'magic_can_method_case' => 'snake_case', // The default value is 'kebab_case'

// In you controller
$user->isAbleToCreateUsers();
// Same as $user->isAbleTo('create_users');

# User ability

More advanced checking can be done using the awesome ability function. It takes in three parameters (roles, permissions, options):

  • roles is a set of roles to check.
  • permissions is a set of permissions to check.
  • options is a set of options to change the method behavior.

Either of the roles or permissions variable can be a pipe separated string or an array:

$user->ability(['admin', 'owner'], ['create-post', 'edit-user']);

// or

$user->ability('admin|owner', 'create-post|edit-user');

This will check whether the user has any of the provided roles and permissions. In this case it will return true since the user is an admin and has the create-post permission.

The third parameter is an options array:

$options = [
    'validate_all' => true, //Default: false
    'return_type'  => 'array' //Default: 'boolean'. You can also set it as 'both'
];
  • validate_all is a boolean flag to set whether to check all the values for true, or to return true if at least one role or permission is matched.
  • return_type specifies whether to return a boolean, array of checked values, or both in an array.

Here is an example output:

$options = [
    'validate_all' => true,
    'return_type' => 'both'
];

[$validate, $allValidations] = $user->ability(
    ['admin', 'owner'],
    ['create-post', 'edit-user'],
    $options
);

var_dump($validate);
// bool(false)

var_dump($allValidations);
// array(4) {
//     ['role'] => bool(true)
//     ['role_2'] => bool(false)
//     ['create-post'] => bool(true)
//     ['edit-user'] => bool(false)
// }

The Laratrust class has a shortcut to ability() for the currently logged in user:

Laratrust::ability('admin|owner', 'create-post|edit-user');

// is identical to

Auth::user()->ability('admin|owner', 'create-post|edit-user');
Last Updated: 5/6/2020, 1:34:43 PM